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The Biography of Albert Einstein-The whole package
When we think of great inventions and discoveries, the first name that comes to our mind is Albert Einstein. He had a genius mind and did so much for the society that it is remembered till date. He was a German-born Jewish scientist of the 20th century. He was a great inventor and his collaborations had patented numerous inventions in various countries.
In New York, they were showing a film in the museum about Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity but he was not present. There came more than 4500 people to see this movie. The crowd was so much that it created the first science riot in history. He gained such popularity and was given the name- “Person of the Century.”
Albert Einstein as a child
Albert Einstein, known for his scientific intellect, was born on 14 March 1879 in Ulm, Germany. He was born to Pauline Koch and Hermann Einstein, and they used to call him “Dopey one.”
He had two younger sisters, and this made him the elder one. As a child, he was very slow in learning how to speak, so his parents had to consult a doctor, and because of this, his parents were concerned about his intelligence.
Just after the year, he was born, his parents shifted to Munich for establishing an electrical engineering company. Munich was the place where Einstein started his early education, and he also had a cheeky revel towards authority because of which one teacher expelled him.
But this derision for authority led him to question conventional wisdom. His father gave him a compass at the age of five, and by the age, he became 12, Einstein has taught himself geometry.
In early teens, he acquired a passion for music; he got instructions at home on the violin when he was just five years old. In fact, some of the researchers say that Einstein’s childhood was a mild manifestation of autism.
Albert Einstein as a young person
As a teenager, he made very good friends and also had close relationships; he also used to have an interest in collegial discussions. He had excellent communication skills and used to empathize well with his friends and community in general.
He was never that exceptional as a student. At the age of 16, he failed an exam to pass to train as an electrical engineer. But, he had some different plans going on his mind for his future. He devised to study maths and physics so that he could become a professor.
The idea he thought of preferring these subjects was because he could think mathematically and abstractly while lacking imagination and practicality.
In fact, Einstein wrote his first scientific paper as a teenager that studied the nature of either a hypothetical consequence of how light travels through space that was later disproved.
Formerly, he was destined to take over his family business, but unfortunately, their business failed in the year 1894, and after that, his family shifted to Northern Italy. In the year 1986, he relinquished his German citizenship, and he was no more a citizen of any country until 1901 when he became a citizen of Switzerland.
In the year 1900, Einstein graduated as a math and physics teacher. His teachers thought that he was not a brilliant student. Thus, he had difficulty in getting a job at university.
Albert Einstein religion – Judaism
He was a very religious person, and in fact, he also loved writing about the philosophy of the religion as well. The significant aspect of his spiritual life was his relationship with the Jewish people. It is also said that Einstein’s affiliation with Jewish people was one of the most durable binds in his life.
He acknowledged the love of truth and justice, which he saw composing the crux of Judaism. Fewer people know that his first trip to the U.S was to raise money for the Zionist movement, and then in the year 1933, he fled Hitler and moved to Princeton.
He always said that Jews have always been united together for centuries by a reverence of truth, ideal for social justice, and personal independence.
As per him, Judaism also possesses a great sense of the sanctity of life, and there is no superstition involved in this religion. He never adhered to the rituals of this religion, but the rise in anti-Semitism made him identify with the Jewish people even more.
He gathered that it posed a menace to the relic of Jewish ideals; hence, Israel must toil as a religion sheltered from Europe’s deep-seated anti-Semitism. As per him, there should be a place of modern intellectual life and also a religious center for Jews.
Einstein’s main Scientific Achievements
It is needless to say that Einstein was one of the greatest contributors in history in the development of our world. He had endless achievements such as Albert Einstein’s atomic theory, the riddle of the photoelectric effect, and many more. But here are a few Albert Einstein theories mentioned for you
The Atomic Theory
The observation related to this theory started in the year 1827 by Robert Brown. He saw pollen grains in water with the help of a microscope and observed that they were moving through the water, but he was unable to determine the cause of motion.
In the year 1905, Albert published a paper on the random motion of particles, which was called Brownian motion. In this theory, he explained in detail the motion of pollen with the help of water molecules. Atoms and molecules were determined quite later by the scientists, but this theory served as a base for their study.
Determination of Avogadro’s number and the size of molecules
While he was working on the theory Brownian motion, he also observed the size of atoms and how there are various atoms in a mole. It was then that he started his experiments, and then his atomic behavior gave a way to count the atoms by just looking with the help of any microscope.
The riddle of the photoelectric effect
He was a pure genius; he also solved the puzzle of the photoelectric effect. It is the emission of electrons from metal when lights shine on it. He answered this theory by releasing a paper on June 5, 1905, where he explained that light could also be regarded as a collection of discrete photons.
Initially, this theory was rejected, but after a decade when Robert A.Millikan verified it, it was approved. His approach was then used in modern technological innovations and also helped in establishing the field of quantum mechanics.
Concept of Rest Energy
He came up with this concept through his famous equation, which is E= mc². This is his equivalent mass-energy formula, where m= mass and E= energy, and C is the speed of light in vacuum.
This really helped scientists as it showed that a particle possesses an energy that is called rest energy, which is very different from kinetic and potential energies. This theory explains that gravity can bend light and can also be used for calculating the amount of energy released during nuclear reactions.
There are endless Albert Einstein scientific achievements and discoveries such as general relativity, why is the sky blue, and many more. But these were some of the significant ones.
Albert Einstein Inventions
He is indeed said to be one of the greatest minds lived because of the inventions, theories, and discoveries that he did, which are still helping scientists explore more about it. But there are various inventions that not only helped experts but people in general life as well. Here is Albert Einstein’s contribution to the most significant inventions
This might amaze you that along with Leo Szilard, he helped in designing the refrigeration system. This invention gained the maximum number of patents.
There were a lot of accidents happening because of the leak of refrigerant. Einstein got deeply affected by these tragedies. Then with the help of Leo, who was a theoretical physicist, they created safe refrigerators.
Sound Reproduction system
Along with Rudolf Goldschmidt, who approached Einstein for his expert advice on some of his inventions and then they became good friends. Together in the year 1934, they invented the Electromagnetic sound reproduction apparatus.
The light intensifying the self-adjusting camera
With his friend Gustav Bucky, he invented this camera years before Kodak launched its Super-six 20, which was known as the first automatic camera. In this invention, Einstein used the photoelectric effect phenomenon that he investigated theoretically.
Design of a blouse
Yes, this is true. You must be amazed to know that he was interested in cloth design. In the year 1936, he was given a patent for the design of a blouse. It was a very unique and new design which became very popular then and is still used today by many people.
This is one of the most renowned theories by Einstein, which he invented with Maxwell’s equations of electromagnetism. This writing contained two hypotheses. The first paper that he wrote in regards to relativity theory was “On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies.”
This theory was published on Sep 26, 1905, and it changed the older men’s idea about time and space. The second paper that he propelled with regards to this theory was, “Does the inertia of a body depend upon its energy content?”
This is where he mentions his formula E=mc², which became the most famous mathematical equation in the world.
Einstein mentioned that time and spaces have separate identities; he proposed significant alterations to mechanics while handling situations close to the speed of light. This theory later became the theory of relativity. To date, this approach is considered to be the most precise model of motion at any speed.
Albert Einstein Nobel Prize
He was not only a scientist but a genius who invented things which would be known and remembered by generations. In the year 1921, he won the Nobel Prize for Physics toward his work on the photoelectric effect.
In this theory, he mentioned that light consists of particles called photons. Furthermore, he suggested that the energy in which photons consist is proportional to the rate of radiation. In fact, it can also be said that this noble prize was for his services to Theoretical Physics.
He was awarded in the year 1921, but he received it one year later, in 1922. The reason behind this was that when the selection process was going in the year 1921, it was observed by the Noble Committee for Physics that no one meets the criteria as specified in the will of Alfred Nobel.
But, as per the Noble Foundations statutes, in such cases, the Noble Prize can be reserved until next year, and this statute was applied this year. This is the reason why he received the Noble Prize one year later in 1922.
As he received this award, everyone wanted to know more about Einstein, and wherever he went, he was greeted with cheering crowds. He was also nominated for this award in the year 1910 but did not receive it.
Albert Einstein during World War II
Einstein never set foot on the Hanford Site, nor was he involved in any experiments done in regards to the production of the atomic bomb. Yet he played a significant role because of the letter he wrote in the year 1939.
World War II began in 1939 with Germany’s invasion of Poland. Even before the war and during the war itself, Germany invested considerable resources in the development of military technology and in many areas it had a significant advantage over Britain and the Soviet Union joining the war later.
Submarines, aircraft, tanks and later missiles. Apart from these, Germany also aspired to develop a nuclear bomb and there was a good reason to believe that is capable of doing so.
Obtaining a nuclear bomb surely means Hitler’s victory in the war. Many, including Albert Einstein, were worried that Germany might advance the Allies and obtain nuclear weapons before them.
In the year 1939, Einstein was living in the U.S, and he got the news that Germans are trying to create an atom bomb. In fact, his few scientists’ friends thought that the U.S must develop nuclear bomb capabilities before Germany would do so.
Along with three of his friends, all of them very famous Jewish scientists, who took part in the Manhattan Project, the American Nuclear Bomb Development Project: Eugene Wigner, a physicist and mathematician, Edward Teller, pioneer of the atomic bomb and the hydrogen bomb, and Leó Szilárd, a physicist who participated in the Manhattan Project, Einstein wrote the letter to US President Franklin Roosevelt and sent on August 2, 1939, the letter arrived in Roosevelt only in November 1939, after the start of World War II.
In the letter, Einstein explained the dangers expected of a nuclear bomb and implored the President of the United States to establish a team of scientists to develop these capabilities in the United States.
Paragraph from the letter:
In the course of the last four months it has been made probable – through the work of Joliot in France as well as Fermi and Szilard in America – that it may become possible to set up a nuclear chain reaction in a large mass of uranium, by which fixed amounts of power and large quantities of new radium-like elements would be generated. Now it seems almost certain that this could be achieved in the immediate future.
This new phenomenon would also lead to the construction of bombs, and it is conceivable – though much less certain – that extremely powerful bombs of a new type may thus be constructed. A single bomb of this type, carried by boat and exploded in a port, might very well destroy the entire port along with some of the surrounding territory. However, such bombs might well prove to be too heavy for air transport.
The United States has only very poor ores of uranium in moderate quantities. There is some good ore in Canada and the former Czechoslovakia, while the most important source of uranium is Belgian Congo.
In view of the situation you may think it desirable to have more permanent contact maintained between the Administration and the group of physicists working on chain reactions in America. One possible way of accomplishing this might be for you to entrust with this task a person who has your confidence and who could perhaps serve in an unofficial capacity.
Years later Einstein regretted writing the letter because of the United States’ use of nuclear bombs against civilians.
Interesting facts about Albert Einstein
There are various Albert Einstein’s fun facts that you should know if you are his follower and love what he has provided us
- He had a daughter– Before his marriage to his first wife, Mileva, it was discovered that she was pregnant. But at that point, they were too poor to get married, so she returned to her place and gave birth to a girl named Lieserl. They kept the existence of this child a secret, and it was never revealed that what happened to that girl or Einstein even ever saw her.
- It took nine years to get a job in academia – He performed brilliantly in his college, Zurich Polytechnic. But just because of his rebellious personality and constant skipping classes, his professors never recommended upon his graduations in the year 1900.
- He spent a lot of time searching for jobs, and then he got a small job after two years. Then he spent time doing research and published his theories. He got a full-time professor job in the year 1909, nearly after a decade.
- He created strict rules for his first wife – After becoming a successful academic; he grew apart from his first wife, Mileva. After a while, they tried to appease.
- Einstein proposed a contract in which he wanted his wife to ensure that his clothes and laundry are kept in order, she would give three meals in the room every day, she would clean the bedroom and study room, she will stop talking to him if he wants and many other such things were mentioned in the contract.
- He offered his wife his Nobel Prize as a component of their divorce – He was married to Mileva in early 1910, but then when he gained success, Einstein left her and moved to Berlin and started a new relationship with her cousin, Elsa. He got divorced from his first wife in 1919, where he promised her stipend plus whatever money he would receive after winning the Noble Prize.
Some more facts about Einstein
- He did not win the Nobel Prize for his theory of relativity
- He never touched his Nobel Prize money
- He suggested an alternate Big Bang Theory
- He had a terrible memory
- He was offered the Presidency of Israel
- His body was cremated, except for his brain
- His final words were lost in translation
- The FBI spied on him for decades
Albert Einstein’s Brain
As per the experts, it is being said that his brain was comparatively different from others. According to the study done by Florida State University, his portions of the brain are unlike those of many people.
The differences are clear because of the great discoveries done by him on time and space. They also used pictures of Einstein’s brain that was taken shortly after his death.
As per these photographs, his brain had an unusually complex pattern of convolutions in the prefrontal cortex that is vital for abstract thinking. As mentioned in the facts, his brain was not cremated. He died in the year 1955 from an abdominal aortic aneurysm.
When he died, Thomas Harvey kept his brain after the rest of the body was cremated. Although Einstein never wanted this, he convinced his son to keep his brain for doing further study. Thereafter, Princeton fired Thomas; he removed Einstein’s brain and preserved it in formalin.
Also, Princeton cut his brain into 240 blocks, took tissue samples from each block, mounted them onto microscope slides, and distributed the slides to some of the world’s best Neuro-pathologists.
Relations with Israel
The President of Israel died in the year 1952, so the foreign minister was asked to search for a candidate, and the Ambassador of the United States Abba Eban approached Albert Einstein if he could accept the offer and serve as the President of Israel.
Einstein was asked if he could serve as the President of Israel, and in that letter, it would also be mentioned that if he accepts the proposal, then he would have to relocate to Israel.
Also, he will have to accept Israeli nationality, but as he is working really well as a scientist, he would have the freedom to continue his profession too. When Einstein received the letter and replied that he is sad and ashamed that he cannot accept the letter as all his life, he has dealt with objective matters.
He also mentioned that he lacks the experience to deal properly and exercise the official functions. He also wrote in the letter that “My relationship with the Jewish people has become my strongest human bond, ever since I became fully aware of our precarious situation among the nations of the world.”
Einstein had numerous lovers but was married twice. His first marriage was with Mileva Maric. She was a Serbian, and she belonged to a wealthy family. He met Mileva in graduate school, and they had a daughter before marriage in the year 1902.
Their daughter either died in infancy or was given for adoption; no one knows about her. They got married in the year 1903, and after their first year of marriage, she gave birth to their first son, Hans Albert Einstein.
After that, in the year 1910, Mileva was pregnant again and gave birth to their second son, whose name was Eduard Tete Einstein. While his wife was pregnant, he was dating his first cousin Elsa; their mothers were sisters.
Mileva said that he was a miserable husband, and they got separated in the year 1914, and after a mandatory 5-year separation to obtain a divorce decree, they got divorced in 1919. Mileva died in the year 1948.
Then in the year 1936, he married Elsa and remained married to her till his death in the year 1955. As per the information, he had many extramarital affairs, even during his second marriage.
Albert Einstein with Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe, born Norma Jeane Mortenson, is one of the best-known icons in American culture. She was an actress, singer and model. Her career ended quickly following her sudden death at the age of 36, presumably from a sedative drug overdose.
Marilyn Monroe shared an apartment from 1947 to 1951, with her colleague, who was also an actress named Shelley Winters.
It was Shelly Winters who told about a discussion she had with Monroe. According to Winters, Marilyn Monroe listed Albert Einstein as one of the men she would sleep with.
Einstein was much older than Monroe but she was probably sapiosexual However, there is no proof that supports any real contact between Einstein and Monroe. It was also estimated that might be it was said by Winters to gain traction with the release of comedy movie ‘Insignificance’ in 1985 and Shelly Winter’s book.
In that movie, Albert Einstein and Marilyn Monroe Meet In A Hotel Room in Defunkt Theatre’s Production of ‘Insignificance.’ In this, Monroe is wearing a white dress and dark sunglasses. Not only Einstein, but it was also rumored that she had an affair with James Dean, Kennedy Brothers, Elvis and some other renowned personalities of the era (including men and women), as it was also perceived that she was bisexual.
Best Biographies about Albert Einstein
It might be difficult for you to pick a perfect book that depicts the entire journey of the genius in a simplified and glorified manner as there are numerous books available. So in the ocean of biographies, we want to help you out by briefing you about the best memoirs ever written on Albert Einstein. Some of the best books are listed below:
- The author of the book is Albrecht Folsing. This book provides you with a detailed outline of the significance of Einstein and his work. The name of the book is ‘Albert Einstein: A Biography.’
- It is an excellent book- ‘Einstein 1905: The standard of Greatness’, which is written by John S. Rigden.
- Another book that portrays his life journey astoundingly is Einstein: A Biography, written by Jurgen Neffe
- One of the best books of his biographies includes Einstein: His Life and Universe by Walter Isaacson.
- The author of the biography is Andrew Robinson, who talks about the life and times of the unique genius impeccably. The name of the biography is ‘Einstein: A Hundred Years of Relativity.’
The best part is to enjoy reading his biography; you do not need to be a student of physics. You can very well understand his achievements and get inspired once you go through any of the books mentioned above.
Albert Einstein Quotes
Albert Einstein is not only known for his exquisite discoveries and inventions, but he is also known for the excellent quotes he has given to the world.
He has inspired many people through his quotes that came out of his peerless brain. Reading the best quotes by Albert Einstein to unleash your inner genius is imperative. Hence, we have come up with some of Albert Einstein’s famous quotes in all aspects:
I) Albert Einstein Love Quotes
- ‘Love is a better teacher than duty.’
- ‘Falling in love is not at all the most stupid thing that people do- but gravitation cannot be held responsible for it.’
- ‘Women marry men hoping they will change.’
II) Albert Einstein Time Quotes
- ‘The only reason for time is so that everything does not happen once.’
- ‘The distinction between the past, present, and future is only a stubbornly persistent illusion.’
- ‘Time and space are modes by which we think and not conditions in which we live.’
III) Albert Einstein Education Quotes
- ‘Reading, after a certain age, diverts the mind too much from its creative pursuits’
- ‘Education is what remains after one has forgotten what one has learned in school.’
- ‘Any man who reads too much and uses his own brain too little falls into lazy habits of thinking.’
IV) Albert Einstein Technology Quotes
- ‘I fear the day when technology overlaps with our humanity. The world will only have a generation of idiots’
- ‘Technological progress is like an axe in the hands of a pathological criminal.’
- ‘It has become appallingly obvious that our technology has exceeded our humanity.’
V) Albert Einstein Imagination Quotes
- ‘Imagination is more important than knowledge. For knowledge is limited, whereas imagination embraces the entire world, stimulating progress, giving birth to evolution.’
Although all these quotes are widely-known, Albert Einstein fish quote is epic in which he stated, ‘Everybody is a genius. But if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid’.
Albert Einstein Facts for Kids
When Albert Einstein was four years old, his family members thought that he is a nincompoop. As he did not talk until he was four years old. Until he was seven, he used to repeat sentences and words again and again.
Once, he also got expelled from school, but they did not know the person they were expelling was a genius. One of the most common questions asked about Einstein is that ‘was Albert Einstein dyslexic’?
The most shocking part about this legendary personality was that he had dyslexia since his childhood. Hence, he never used to like grammar and always get difficulty to remember spellings.
Listed below are some Albert Einstein interesting facts:
- Einstein had an extraordinary interest and a great mind in maths and science since he was a child.
- At the age of 5, his dad gave him a compass. Since that time, he was always keen to evaluate why the needle always pointed north.
- He was graduated with a degree in maths and physics in 1900.
- He looked at other people’s exquisite inventions and discoveries when he started doing the job at Patent Office in Berne. He made valuable discoveries that emerged out of the utmost significance, especially in physics.
- Einstein was a pacifist. Hence, he never favored any kind of violence or wars. During the phase of World War 1, he was residing in Germany and wanted the disagreements to be settled peacefully.
- He was the first one to demonstrate and rationalize that the smallest amount of mass can be converted into a tremendous amount of energy. The equation was e=mc2.
- He was also known for working on many other theories of great importance and projects such as Brownian motion, an explanation of capillary action, the quantum theory of atomic motion in solids, the deflection of light by gravity, and many others.
- He moved to the USA in 1933.
Albert Einstein- Hebrew university in Israel
Einstein is considered the greatest scientist of all time, and he even helped shape the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. This University is now celebrating its 90th birthday and has been seen growing as the Start-up University of the Start-up Nation.
This university was founded by the Zionist movement that was pursued as the goal of creating a Jewish homeland. Albert Einstein joined this movement in 1919, and he became actively associated with the formulation of this University.
This University was fortunate enough to get support from Einstein as he helped to form and build it in the right direction. He was the chairman of the academic committee of the Board of Governors of the University.
With the cooperation of researchers like Einstein, they founded the first research center in the field of microbiology, chemistry, and Jewish studies.
Albert Einstein played an essential role in the early years of the University in the development and progress of it. He became an essential element of developing the scientific and technological infrastructure of the University.
When is Albert Einstein’s birthday?
Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist who is known to have one of the greatest minds in human history. Albert Einstein’s date of birth is 14th March 1879 in his family home, Germany. The date 14th March is also known as Pi Day for its tie to the first digits of Pi, 3.14.
What was Albert Einstein’s IQ?
The legend says that he had an IQ 160. There is no precise figure as he has never undergone the tests. He was known to be a slow-talking kid at his early years of age, and his family around him thought that he is a very slow learner.
But who knew that the man would be evoked for his brilliance. IQ tests started in the early stage of the 1900s. It was the time when Albert Einstein first emerged as a scientific luminary. Since then, the tests evolved extensively.
When did Albert Einstein die?
Albert Einstein’s age at death was 76 years. Albert Einstein’s death date is 18th April, in 1955. When he died, he was residing in Princeton, New Jersey, USA
Where was Albert Einstein born?
Einstein was born in Ulm, Wurttemberg, Germany. He was moved to Munich when he was a year old and completed his graduation degree from Zurich, Switzerland.
What Albert Einstein was famous for?
Albert Einstein developed relativity theory, which is one of the approaches that act as a foundation for the modern understanding of physics.
He is known for many discoveries, but he is also known for the innovation of the equation E= MC2. Einstein was also involved in the development of nuclear fission that later became the reason for his mixed emotions as he applied it to nuclear weapons, including the atomic bomb.
He was also awarded the noble prize for physics in 1921 for his meticulous description of the photoelectric effect. He was also honored with the oldest surviving scientific award in the world in 1925.
Apart from these, he was given numerous awards because of his immaculate intelligence. Albert Einstein had a special genius brain, which scientists of the current era exclaim that if his brain is compared with any other talented physicist, one will find to be unique to Einstein himself.
Albert Einstein’s net worth was estimated at around $1 million. Although it does not seem a significant amount now, during those times, it was an enormous amount that one could earn by utilizing their skills.
Did Albert Einstein have children?
Einstein’s descendant’s story is not very pleasing as his entire family’s offsprings were dealing with many critical health problems. Yes, Albert Einstein had three children.
He had a daughter and two sons. His daughter named- Lieserl died at an early age (when she was an infant). The first son, whose name was Eduard, started developing schizophrenia, while he was a medical student.
His cognitive abilities were profoundly affected; hence he was sent to an institution for conducting primitive treatment methods.
Einstein’s third son- Hans Albert Einstein was a scintillating scientist. He was known for his proficiency in sediment transport and was a professor of hydraulic engineering at UC Berkeley. In a nutshell, out of his all three children, only Hans Albert Einstein survived his childhood.
How Albert Einstein died?
Albert Einstein’s death cause was an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Albert Einstein’s last words were full of joy as he was content with the life he lived.
Was Albert Einstein German?
He was Jewish who was born in Germany. Albert Einstein’s early life was spent in Germany, Munich, till the time he was in school.
What was Albert Einstein’s full name?
Albert Einstein did not have any middle name, and his full name is Albert Einstein.
Was Albert Einstein vegan?
Einstein used to eat animal flesh for a long time of his life. However, he did not eat any kind of animal meat during his last couple of years of his life when he was experiencing scientific breakthroughs.
Einstein was not a vegan as vegans are the ones who abstain from not only meat but also from any form of dairy products. There was no information that he was a vegan, but yes, he became vegetarian in the later phase of his life.
One of Albert Einstein’s famous quotes states, ‘Nothing will benefit human health and increase the chances of survival of life on earth as much as the evolution to a vegetarian diet.’
What was Albert Einstein’s Height?
Albert Einstein’s height was 1.75m (175 cm or 5ft 9 inches).